Contributing Factors to Gum Disease
Gum disease (periodontal disease) is one of the most common and potentially devastating oral diseases. Periodontal disease occurs when chronic bacterial infection affects the gums and the bones that support the teeth. Below is a list of some of the factors that contribute to periodontal disease.
Inadequate or Poor Oral hygiene
Periodontal disease occurs when bacteria begin infecting the gums and surrounding tissues. missing the daily brushing and flossing allows the bacteria to form a sticky network of plaque. Eventually, bacteria can create an infection in the gums and underlying bone structure, causing periodontal disease.Know more
Smoking and Tobacco use
Smokers are more susceptible to periodontal disease for a variety of reasons. Most important is that chronic tobacco use is known to lower your immune system ability to fight off the infection. Smoking causes stain to develop on teeth making the accumulation of plaque easier. Smoking also dries out the mouth reducing saliva flow and makes the mouth less self-cleansing.
Uncontrolled diabetics are more susceptible to periodontal disease and experience more damage when gum disease is present. Diabetes inhibits the function of the smaller blood vessels in the gum tissue, reducing the ability of our white blood cells (immune system) to fight against this infection. Uncontrolled diabetics find it more difficult to control their diabetes if they are suffering from periodontal disease.
Female hormones affect the gums and can exacerbate existing gingivitis. Many women find that the hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause or worsen gum disease. The disease often begins around the second month and peaks around the eighth month, though it usually abates in the months after birth.
Approximately 30% of the population has a genetic predisposition for gum disease. Studies also show that children with parents with periodontal disease are 12 times more likely to have the bacteria that cause plaque buildup and gum disease.
Stress contributes to a multitude of medical problems. With regard to gum disease, stress can cause chemicals that naturally occur in our body to increase, resulting in an environment more likely to encourage the development of periodontal disease. Stress also lowers our immune system’s ability to fight infection.
Clenching and Grinding Teeth
Stress is often the cause behind clenching and grinding. If periodontal disease is present, clenching or grinding will accelerate the normal rate of bone damage.
Reduce your risk of periodontal disease by practicing healthy oral hygiene habits and scheduling regular dental appointments at Lane Ends Dental Practice, Our Dental Hygienists and Therapists will help you achieve beautiful, healthy smiles. Contact our treatment coordinator on 01772 – 726932 to arrange an appointment.